Prostatic neoplasia (cancer of the prostate) is a rare condition which can befall both neutered and intact male dogs. However intact male dogs seem to have a slight decreased risk. It is a serious condition that can metastasise (spread) to other organs. Castration does not slow the progression of prostatic neoplasia. Although a total prostatectomy or chemo- and radiotherapy can help, the prognosis remains poor. Tests for early prostatic cancer detection in humans are already available but the development of such tests for dogs is a work in progress. The symptoms are similar to those of BPH. Treatment options are limited and the chances of recovery is poor. In the end, the best option is most probably a total prostatectomy.