Singleton Litters And Two Pup Litters In Large And Giant Breeds
There is ample evidence to suggest that the survival rate of singleton litters and two pup litters in large and giant breeds is vastly reduced. This is because either the bitch does not show any signs of labour of because the pup is compromised or dead by the time she does. These are easy to deal with if we have available an accurately determined predicted day of delivery and are very difficult when we do not have this date. It is best that the breeder discuss the matter once they have discovered these litters. One big step ahead is to make sure whether the bitch in whelp has a one or two pup litter.